- The red line measures deviations from predicted
values, which are represented by the blue line. Ignore
the gap between the red and blue lines and concentrate on
how closely the red line centers toward 0. The closer to
0, the less the deviation of a country's observed score
on Rule of Law from its predicted score.
- Every country in Western Europe had high predicted
scores for Rule of Law, and some actually exceeded their
- Germany deviated 0.80 (obscured) above its predicted
score of 0.98 for an observed score of 1.78.
- On the other hand, Monaco deviated -0.33 below its
predicted score of 1.24 for an observed score of
The PDF country pages display the observed Rule of Law
Scores, predicted scores, and residuals (deviations from the
predictions). Each page reports country size, wealth, and
party data. Download a 212
page PDF that serves for all countries.