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Flemming Juul Christiansen and Helene Helboe Pedersen, "Minority coalition governance in Denmark," Party Politics, 20 (November, 2014), 940-949. [Available at ]

First paragraph:
In proportional parliamentary democracies, single parties only rarely win majorities, and coalition formation becomes necessary (Laver and Schofield, 1990). The question of who will eventually form the cabinet coalition has naturally attracted much attention (Bäck, 2008). However, in contrast to voters and news reporters, political scientists have not devoted much time to the question of how the happy coalition manages to stay together in good as well as bad times. The question of coalition governance is at least as important as the question of coalition formation (Thies, 2001: 580), but the topic has not attracted nearly as much attention as coalition formation.

Table 1. Overview of selected cases.
Table 2. Laws regulated by coalition and/or legislative agreements (percent).
Table 3. Laws regulated by coalition and/or legislative agreements shown for different types of governments and policy areas (percent).
Table 4. Laws passed by the 'bloc-majority' shown for laws regulated by different agreements.

Last Paragraph:
A study of Danish governments urges a discussion of how general the results can be. Studying only three governments in a single country naturally compromises the generalizability of the results. However, we do not believe the three governments selected deviate in any systematic manner from the 'usual' Danish governments, and we actually expect that our findings may be even clearer in other countries with a lower frequency of minority governments. All Danish governments - regardless of parliamentary strength - are likely to be influenced by the strong tradition of legislative agreement formation and consensual practice, so the difference between majority and minority governments is likely to be even larger in countries with less well-established minority governance practices. However, country comparative studies are necessary to decide this.

Last updated November 2014