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Yael Shomer, "What affects candidate selection processes? A cross-national examination," Party Politics, 20 (July, 2014), 533-546. [Available at http://ppq.sagepub.com/content/vol20/issue4/ ]

First paragraph:
Intra-party candidate selection processes, that is, how legislators gain permission to use the party's banner, have been identified as one of the crucial aspects of parties' organization. Indeed, when we think of parties we define the expression as 'a group of citizens having the purpose of making nominations and contesting elections in hope of gaining control over governmental power through the capture of public offices and the organization of the government' (Huckshorn, 1984: 10). Therefore, we cannot regard parties as linking citizens and the political sphere without paying attention to the way political parties nominate legislative candidates.'

Figures and Tables:
Figure 1. Selection Index.
Figure 2. Relationship between Ideology /Region and Selection Processes.
Figure 3. Relationship between Regine Type /Territorial Organaization and Selection processes.
Figure 4. Propotion of Selection Procedures by Average District Magnitude
Figure 5. Propotion of Selection Procedures by Ballot Type.
Figure 6. Propotion of Selection Procedures by Electoral System.
Table 1. What accounts for candidate selection processes.
Figure 7. Candidate Selection Frequencies.
Figure 8. Propotion of Decentralization and Selectorate by Electoral System

Last Paragraph:
This article provides the most comprehensive and broad analysis of candidate selection determinants. It challenges some of the prevalent hypotheses in the literature concerning what accounts for candidate selection processes. The results also function as a cautionary tale against amalgamating electoral systems and intra-party candidate selection processes. Elections and selections are two distinct institutions, both conceptually and empirically. And whereas my analysis reveals that some relationships exist between the two institutions, there is simply too much variation within categories of electoral systems to safely assume the amalgamation.

Last updated June 2014