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Laurie Beaudonnet and Pavlos Vasilopoulos, "Green parties in hard times: The case of EELV in the 2012 French presidential election," Party Politics, 20 (March 2014), 275-285. [Available at ]

First paragraph:
Europe-Ecologie-Les Verts (EELV) has been part of the French party system for 30 years (Les Verts was created in 1982), running for all presidential and legislative elections ever since. EELV has achieved parliamentary representation and has been part of a coalition government twice, from 1997 to 2002 and since May 2012, following the latest presidential and legislative elections. The party's platform is similar to other green parties around Europe, with a focus extensively on environmental protection and participatory democracy. The 2012 EELV manifesto1 focuses on four broad issues: ecological transition, a new ecological way of living, fighting inequalities and discrimination and institutional reform. Regarding the last one, the French Greens specifically promote the creation of a new 6th Republic characterized by a parliamentary system, proportional representation, decentralization and participatory democracy. At European level, EELV promotes a federal European Union based on a strong political union, a constitution and the pooling of public debts. In line with most European Green parties, Les Verts had initially adopted a 'neither left nor right' position, which was only held for a decade. In 1995, the party placed it self ideologically on the left of the Parti Socialiste (PS), challenging the French socialist on post-materialist issues such as the environment, immigration laws and human rights (Boy, 2007).

Figures and Tables:
Table 1. Socio-demographic determinants of voting for the Green candidate against voting for other candidates and abstaining (Model A).
Table 2. Socio-demographic and attitudinal determinants of voting for the Green candidate against voting for other candidates and abstaining (Model B).

Last Paragraph:
(first paragrap of conclsion) Overall, the attitudinal analysis of the French Green voter points to the conclusion that the electoral basis of the EELV is clearly different from that of the right-wing candidates, and to a lesser extent from the electoral basis of the left and far left candidates. Our empirical analysis established that, like the typical European Green voter, the French Green voter tends to be young, urban, highly educated, post-materialist, pro-European integration and leftlibertarian.

Last updated March 2014