Tània Verge and
Raúl Gómez, "Factionalism in multi-level
contexts: When party organization becomes a device,"
Party Politics, 18 (September 2012), 667-685.
[Available at http://ppq.sagepub.com/content/vol18/issue5/
Factionalism has been poorly developed in the study of
political parties and it is still orphan of conceptual
approaches and hypotheses. This is so despite most parties
passing through periods of unity and dissent depending on
particular external or internal circumstances, such as
electoral performance or changes in leadership (Hine, 1982:
48). Indeed, factionalism is ubiquitous in political parties
(Harmel et al., 1995: 7). The study of factionalism is thus
not confined to the understanding of party politics but to
the comprehension of politics at large (Belloni and Beller,
- Figures and
- Table 1. Likely opposition factions' strategies
- Table 2. Opposition factions' strategies in
(first paragraph of conclusions) Far from being unitary
actors, parties consist of competing groups. This article
has addressed the endogeneity problem that research on
factionalism faces by analysing it as a dynamic process.
This implies studying factionalism as both dependent and
independent variable, while keeping constant external
factors, which requires examining the interaction of
dominant and opposition factions' strategic choices.
According to the theoretical framework we have displayed,
knowing about a particular party organizational model allows
us to predict what shape factionalism might adopt in a
party, regardless of it being more office- or