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Chung-li Wu and Chi Huang, "Divided Government in Taiwan's Local Politics: Public Evaluations of City/County Government Performance," Party Politics, 13 (November 2007), 741-760.

First paragraph:
Divided government exists when both the chief executive and the legislators are elected separately and the executive's party is unable to control a majority of the seats in the legislative chamber. Unified government, on the contrary, implies that both the executive and legislative branches are under the control of a major political party. According to Sundquist (1988: 614), a democratic regime emphasizes the operating mechanism of party government - 'the political party as the indispensable instrument that brought cohesion and unity, and hence effectiveness, to the government as a whole by linking the executive and legislative in a bond of common interest'. Under ideal conditions of party competition, the ruling party controls both the executive and legislative branches, while the opposition party plays a supervisory role. However, when there is divided government, since different political parties control the executive and legislative branches, the operation of party government is weakened, as the two political institutions are in conflict with each other. This certainly makes responsible and efficient government an unattainable goal (Cutler, 1980, 1988; Leonard, 1991; Sundquist, 1986, 1990).

Figures and Tables:
Table 1. Divided and unified local government in Taiwan1
Table 2. Party share of seats in the 2002 city/county council elections
Table 3. Summary of election statistics of Taiwan, 1994-2004
Table 4. Government typology classified by party labels of the local executive and legislative branches in 2002
Table 5. Ordered logit estimates for the public evaluations of government performance

Last Paragraph:
In addition, the research design of this study is based on a cross-sectional analysis. We are of the opinion that longitudinal analyses, in which the units of analysis are selected with multiple measurement indices, should be of significant research value in comparing divided and unified government. In addition, the issue of split-ticket voting in Taiwan is also worthy of future research. Why has divided government become so commonplace and is it a long- or short-term phenomenon? Why is the DPP able to win executive posts, but not gain a majority in the assemblies? Is divided government the voters' intended objective to provide checks and balances or an incidental by-product? What factors lead to the high degree of split-ticket voting? To answer the above questions, we suggest using the existing theoretical framework to explain the motivation behind split-ticket voting and the causes of divided government in Taiwan. Clearly, there is still much potential for future research in this field

Last update November 2013