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Sarah L. de Lange. "A New Winning Formula?: The Programmatic Appeal of the Radical Right," Party Politics, 13 (July 2007), 411-435.

First paragraph:
The third wave of radical right parties that emerged in Western Europe during the 1980s and 1990s has generated renewed scholarly attention for the study of this party family. In comparative designs and case studies political scientists have attempted to explain why this type of party has been relatively successful. Much attention has been given to the electoral appeal of the radical right, that is, to the composition of its electorate and the particular appeal of its message to this group of voters (e.g. Betz, 1994; Perrineau, 2001). Recently, studies have also focused on the structural factors that have enabled the breakthrough of the radical right (e.g. Ignazi, 2003; Jackman and Volpert, 1996; Jungerstam-Mulders, 2003).

Figures and Tables:
Figure 1. Party positions in competitive space in the 1970s and 1980s
Figure 2. Party positions in competitive space in the 1990s and the new millennium
Table 1. Political parties and party families in France, Flanders and The Netherlands
Figure 3. Political space in France, 2002
Figure 5. Political space in The Netherlands, 2002/03
Appendix A. Party Scores

Last Paragraph:
In regard to the distinction between Populist Anti-statist parties and the NRR, I would argue that the differences between the two are more substantial than Kitschelt's model indicates. For example, nationalism is dominant in the programmes of NRR parties, yet absent in that of Populist Anti-statist parties. An important similarity between Populist Anti-statist and NRR parties lies in their populism, in this study exemplified by the positive stance that radical right parties take on questions of collective decision modes. However, in Kitschelt's theory this populism could easily be mistaken for libertarianism, implying the need for revision of the theory. The question of collective decision modes in the libertarian-authoritarian dimension obscures the true authoritarianism of radical right parties and should therefore be excluded from consideration.

last updated June 2007