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Richard S. Katz, "The Problem of Candidate Selection and Models of Party Democracy," Party Politics, 7 (May 2001), 277-296.

First Paragraph:
Candidate selection is a vital activity in the life of any political party. It is the primary screening device in the process through which the party in public office is reproduced. As such, it raises central questions about the ideological and sociological identities of the party as a whole. Moreover, because different modes of selection are likely to privilege different elements of the party and different types of candidates, they may raise questions about the nature of the party as an organization as well.

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Last Paragraph:
At the same time, the argument advanced here suggests that, contrary to the 'elitist' models, one may not be able to rely on the desire of politicians to win elections to induce them to perform their democratic functions. If one could, then the additional constraints imposed on politicians by internal party would be dysfunctional for the system as a whole. But if, as the cartel party model suggests, politicians attempt to secure their own welfare through 'restraint of trade' rather than through competition, then the constraints imposed by internal party democracy (such as limiting strategic and ideological flexibility and ability to respond to changing circumstances, but also forcing leaders to attend to salient issues and forcing closer correspondence between rhetoric in campaigns and behavior in office) may result in a 'better' democracy at the system level than any available alternative.