Marie Demker, "Changing Party Ideology: Gaullist Parties
Facing Voters, Leaders and Competitors," Party
Politics, 3 (July 1997), 407-426.
Could the ideology of a political party remain unaffected by
a party system in change, undergoing substantial alteration
in electoral opinions and with variations in the party
elite? If not, which of these factors are the most important
for initiating party ideology change? The Gaullist party is
a political party that has attempted to appear to put the
nation first and to stand above tactical parliamentary
quarrels. At the same time it has been forced to work under
the same circumstances as other political parties, parties
which the Gaullists have criticized for tactical
considerations and narrowness.
Figures and Tables:
Table 1: Electoral support for Gaullist parties 1951-1993
Table 2: Matrix for analysis of party doctrine.
Table 3: Matrix of two ideal types for the study of Gaullist
Table 4: Gaullist party doctrine, 1966-76.
Table 5: Gaullist party doctrine, 1977-90.
This study has also shown that the ideological character and
political identity of the Gaullist parties have had a
significance which exceeded the person of Charles de Gaulle.
During the 1960s and 1970s, the Gaullist party developed a
party ideology which authorized independent national
political activity with claims to governing power, both
before and after de Gaulle himself had left the