Cas Mudde, "The Paradox of the Anti-Party Party: Insights
from the Extreme Right," Party Politics , 2
(April, 1996), 265-276.
In the debate about anti-party sentiments, which seems to
captivate political scientists around the world,
extreme-right parties play an important part. As the 1980s
have brought the third wave of right-wing extremism (Von
Beyme, 1988), several political scientists have interpreted
the electoral successes of these parties as a sign of the
rise of anti-party sentiments (Ignazi, 1992; Stouthuysen,
1993: Betz, 1994). They are supported by various electoral
studies, which show that the voters of these parties are
more critical of the (established) political parties then
the general voter (Roth, 19990; Billiet et al., 1992;
Plasser and Ulram, 1992).
Figures and Tables:
However, the (self-perceived) losers of the 'dual society'
(Swyngedouw, 1992) have no place in these organizations.
They have to achieve their so-called 'silent
counter-revolution' (Ignazi, 1992) within the existing
party-political system. It is they who have no other option
than voicing their discontent through the old and despised
institutions of the political parties. Moreover, it is they
who will vote for the extreme-right parties that they
perceive as true anti-party parties, but are no more than
successful agents of populist 'anti-party sentiments'.