Reuven Y. Hazan, "Does Center Equal Middle?: Towards a
Conceptual Delineation, with Application to West European
Party Systems," Party Politics , 2 (April,
Reformist parties in historical France and Britain, former
agrarian parties in the post-war Scandinavian countries, and
new parties in the re-emergent democracies of both Southern
and Eastern Europe have all adopted the propitious center
label. But are these center parties in name indeed center
parties? And if so, what type of center parties are
Figures and Tables:
Table 1: Two approaches to party poles in Italy.
Table 2: Center and middle parties in the Italian party
Figure 1: Center and middle parties in the Italian party
Table 3: Party poles in the Netherlands.
Figure 2: Center and middle parties in the Dutch party
Figure 3: Center and middle parties in the West German party
Figure 4: Middle parties in comparative perspective.
This article has introduced a clear delineation of what a
center party is, what a center party is not and a middle
party is, what the relevance of the term median party is,
what the descriptive attribute of the term pivot party can
provide, and how far the center label can mislead us, and