William Lee Eubank, Arun Gangopadahay and Leonard B.
Weinberg, "Italian Communism in Crisis: A Study in Exit,
Voice and Loyalty," Party Politics , 2
(January, 1996), 55-75.
Rarely do partisan ideas expressed in open political
discourse conjoin with the abstract concepts of social
science. However, Achille Occhetto's ideas for the
reformation of the Italian Communist Party (PCI), advanced
immediately following the fall of the Berlin Wall, set in
motion contending forces who advanced their arguments in the
language used by Hirschman (1970) in his discussion of Exit,
Voice, and Loyalty. This convergence provides us with the
unusual opportunity to apply these ideas to an organization
in a state of decline and to test them empirically.
Figures and Tables:
Table 1: Votes for motions and membership change.
Table 2: Support for motions and electoral support.
Table 3: Rifondazione Comunista membership.
Table 4: Internal-external relationships.
Table 5: PCI-far left electoral differences.
Table 6: PCI-far left electoral relationships.
Table 7: Regression analysis.
In a general sense our findings emphasize the applicability
of Hirschman's ideas to the phenomenon of change in
political party organizations.However, in our view, the
concept of loyalty in particular requires
reconceptualization in order for it to capture the intense
feelings often at work when political parties undergo