Richard Rose, "Mobilizing Demobilized Voters in
Post-Communist Societies," Party Politics , 1
(October, 1995), 549-563.
A stable party system requires people to trust institutions
to represent them. In a civic culture, political parties are
essential as institutions representing the views of
individual participants in politics (Almond and Verba, 1963:
123ff). Lipset and Rokkan's (1967) classic formulation of
the emergence of a modern party system presupposed a high
degree of individual trust in the institutions - trade
unions, farmers' groups, churches and masonic lodges -
mobilizing members to support parties.
Figures and Tables:
Table 1: Trust in parties low.
Table 2: Party identification low.
Table 3: Don't knows usually the biggest party.
Table 4: Demobilized electors predominate.
Table 5: Volatility in party votes between elections.
Table 6: Majority do not think new regime improves their
influence on government.
Table 7: Increased freedoms in post-communist societies.
Table 8: Values of ex-communists and non-communists
In social psychological terms,there appears to be a party
system in the heads of voters, for the great majority have a
clear idea about economic preferences. However, in
institutional terms, there is not yet a stable party system
in either parliament of government. The creation of a
participative democracy requires filling the 'missing
middle' with trustworthy parties.Until this is
done, then instead of being committed partisans individuals
will cherish their new-found freedom from the intrusive
demands of a party-state.