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Richard Rose, "Mobilizing Demobilized Voters in Post-Communist Societies," Party Politics , 1 (October, 1995), 549-563.

First Paragraph:
A stable party system requires people to trust institutions to represent them. In a civic culture, political parties are essential as institutions representing the views of individual participants in politics (Almond and Verba, 1963: 123ff). Lipset and Rokkan's (1967) classic formulation of the emergence of a modern party system presupposed a high degree of individual trust in the institutions - trade unions, farmers' groups, churches and masonic lodges - mobilizing members to support parties.

Figures and Tables:
Table 1: Trust in parties low.
Table 2: Party identification low.
Table 3: Don't knows usually the biggest party.
Table 4: Demobilized electors predominate.
Table 5: Volatility in party votes between elections.
Table 6: Majority do not think new regime improves their influence on government.
Table 7: Increased freedoms in post-communist societies.
Table 8: Values of ex-communists and non-communists compared.

Last paragraph:
In social psychological terms,there appears to be a party system in the heads of voters, for the great majority have a clear idea about economic preferences. However, in institutional terms, there is not yet a stable party system in either parliament of government. The creation of a participative democracy requires filling the 'missing middle' with trustworthy parties.Until this is done, then instead of being committed partisans individuals will cherish their new-found freedom from the intrusive demands of a party-state.