Gunnar Grendstad,"Party Followership
and Leadership in Norway: A Political Culture Approach,"
Party Politics , 1 (April, 1995), 221-243.
Under the leadership of Mr Einar Gerhardsen, a previous
prime minister of Norway and the Labor Party chair until
1965, the top leaders of the Labor Party made decisions,
implemented personnel changes, and subsequently informed
those affected by stating, 'some of us have been talking
together'. Thus, when Mr Trygve Bratteli (later to become
party chair and prime minister himself) was appointed
parliamentary leader by Gerhardsen and showed up for his
first meeting in the parliamentary caucus in 1964, Bratteli
learned that the other parliamentarians had no knowledge of
his candidacy for the leadership position (Heradstveit,
Figures and Tables:
Figure 1: Followership as support and demand for
Table 1: Factor solutions for the grid and group dimensions,
pooled sample 1982.
Table 2: The relative sizes of cultural followerships,
Norwegian political parties 1982 and 1990.
Figure 2: The cultural gravity of political parties, Norway
1982 and 1990.
Figure 3: The relative size of cultural followership in
political parties, Norway 1982 and 1990.
Table 3: Norwegian party leadership.
Table 4: Correlations between leadership and cultural
followership of Norwegian political parties.
Correlated with data on political party leadership, the
analyses showed that the larger the cultural followership of
individualism and egalitarianism within a party, the greater
the party leadership turnover. And as the cultures of
hierarchy and fatalism increase within a party, the higher
the longevity, perceived efficacy and experience of the
party's leadership. Thus, throughout the 1980s, the
anti-leadership cultures of individualism and egalitarianism
increased at the expense of the pro-leadership cultures of
fatalism and hierarchy.