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Ian McAllister and Donley T. Studlar, "New Politics and Partisan Alignment: Values, Ideology and Elites in Australia," Party Politics , 1 (April, 1995), 197-220.

First Paragraph:
There is little doubt that the value priorities of citizens in advanced industrial democracies have changed significantly since the 1970s (Gibbins, 1989), although the extent and sources of these value changes are much in dispute (Inglehart, 1971, 1977, 1990a; Dalton, 1988; Muller-Rommel, 1989; Dalton and Kuechler, 1990; Rohrschneider, 1990; Clarke and Dutt, 1991; Duch and Taylor, 1993; Inglehart and Abramson, 1994; Franklin and Rudig, 1995). More significantly, there is as yet little evidence about the consequences of value change for party systems. Early research suggested that these new value priorities would produce realignment, with new groups of parties espousing New Politics concerns emerging to replace older, collectivist-oriented parties. But despite some electoral success for New Politics groups in the 1980s, their impact on the formal structures of the party systems of advanced industrial societies has been small.

Figures and Tables:
Figure 1: The hypothetical relationship between values, ideology and party alignment as a party system moves from stability to instability, to eventual realignment. A double line represents a major influence, a single line a moderate influence.
Table 1: Value priorities among voters in four democracies and among Australian party elites (%).
Table 2: Political ideology among voters and party elites (second-order factor loadings).
Table 3: The impact of values on ideology among voter (OLS estimates).
Table 4: Values, ideology and party support among voters (logistic regression estimates).
Table 5: Values, ideology and party support among party elites (logistic regression estimates).
Table 6: Comparing the log-linear models of association among Old and New politics, voters and party elites.

Last Paragraph:
More generally, our results have implications for the development of party systems in other advanced societies. By using matched mass-elite data collected at the same point, we have been able to demonstrate the interactive process that operates between mass demands and opinions and elite positions and appeals. Although political change may occur at the mass level, this does not mean that it is automatically translated into change at the elite level. Equally, elite appeals or strategies may not always gain mass support. The process of adaptation by which parties change their outlooks to accommodate changes at the mass level appears to be a much more far-reaching process than was once thought. To assess party system change properly, future research strategies need to evaluate the evidence at the elite as well as at the voter level.